Notes for Bonnie Lass of Fyvio/Peggy of Darby/Dandy This text here is slightly modified from that in a small chapbook type songster, <<The Winter's Amusement; and Jolly Toper's Companion>>. I have made some corrections, giving original readings in brackets. The imprint has been shorn on a copy in Library of Congress, Music Div. Another copy at Harvard (Cat no. 1655,) has the address '42 Long Lane' (London). The Library of Congress dates this 179-. A few broadsides issued from this address, that of Howard and Evans, and J. Evans, were dated 1794, and a piece by Howard and Evans about Napolean was issued at that address about 1805, but I have no additional information regarding a possible date for the printing of this text, which is certainly not the original. J. Evans seems to disappear about 1805, and in 1807 T. Evans appears at 79 Long Lane. [Frank Purlsow, in a book review in <<Folk Music Journal>>, p. 56, 1970, mentions his favourite [John] Pitts' broadside ballad is "Pretty Peg o' Derby." This I have n M. Belden <<Songs and Ballads collected by the Missouri Folk-Lore Society>>, p.169, 1940, 1955. The song is the 10th of 25 songs cramped into 7 pages of song texts. The song is not divided into verses, and some long lines are continued on a following line, while others are continued at the end of the preceding line, while the second line of the 5th verse is not completed at all. The text was obviously taken down from recitation, and is corrupt in several places, and has here been amended. The song is an early version of that now known as "The Bonnie Lass O' Fyvie, O," and some lines have here been corrected from parallel verses among the numerous traditional versions of the latter in P. Shuldram-Shaw and Eleanor Lyle's <<The Grieg-Duncan Folk Song Collection>>, I, no. 84, pp. 197-209, 1981. [Much the earliest text of this song appears to be in Peter Buchan's MSS in the British Library, but this text I have not seen.] The amended readings are in parenthesis and the originals are given in brackets, except for in a play published in 1785, Two to One, written by George Colman (the younger), and produced the previous year. The music for the play, composed and/or arranged by Dr. Samuel Arnold, was published separately from the play text, but with the play title, on July 5, 1784. The tune is Air V, p. 16, with the title "Peggy of Derby O!". The tune is a vocal arrangement with instrumental introduction and conclusion, and is a setting for Colman's song on "Little Tippet." This song is without title in the play, and without title or tune direction in a songbook, The New Vocal Enchantress, London, 1789, p. 275, but Colman's song was also published with the title "The Dandy O!" in the same year in The Charms of Chearfulness, p. 11, London, again without tune direction. This song, one of Colman's earliest, is not one of his better efforts, even to this tune, as we shall see later. In the same meter, and although without tune direction, but obviously to the same tune, are two other songs entitled "The Dandy, O." A song, " than singer, but there are a few other songs also credited to Munden's performances. We may thus suspect his song was sung in a play. According to William Montgomerie's 'Bilbiography of Scottish Ballad Manuscripts' in Studies in Scottish Literature, V, p. 132, 1967, there is a copy of this song with title "Dandy O" in the Scottish song collection known as the Mansfield/ St. Clair Manuscript. I strongly suspect it was Mr. Munden's song from which the tune came to be called "The Dandy, O." Mr. Munden's song in Festival is as follows: I presume that Jacob and Caleb mentioned in the song are characters in a play in which the song appeared. Another "Dandy, O" is reprinted in de Sola Pinto and Rodway's The Common Muse, no. 67, from an early nineteenth century broadside, seemingly too late to be the source of the tune title "Dandy-O." The national origin of the tune is explicit in the heading of a copy of it entitled "Peggy Darby. or the Dandys. Irish." This is tune no. 431, p. 166, of A Selection of Scotch, En strain, this score is a good vocal version of the tune, without instrumental elaborations or variations. I have not found the song corresponding to the title "The Dandys," although a seeming imitation of it, "The Lady Dandies," will be cited below. Another printing of the tune appears as "Peggy Derby or Dandy O." on p. 22 of John Brysson's <<A Curious Collection of Favourite Tunes>>. Edinb., n.d. [June, 1791]. This score is an extended instrumental version of 36 measures, and is not suitable as a vocal score. Yet another song to the tune is a broadside printed by J. Pitts, and thus to be dated after 1802, and given in Holloway and Black's <<Later English Broadside Ballads, Vol. II, 1979, #110. There is no tune direction on this copy, but the meter and rhyme are those of "Pretty Peggy of Derby," which is the tune direction for the next song given by Holloway and Black, #111, "The Lady Dandies, Or, Daniel Dewhoofs Luck in London." This is again a Pitt's issue. The rhyme is 'handy, O/ dandy, O,' in all verses the tune direction for the American naval ballad "The Constitution and the Guerriere," (G. M. Laws, Native American Balladry, A6; C. H. Firth, Naval Ballads and Songs, Naval Record Soc., 1908). The song "The Landlady of France" is in Wm. Dimond's play, <<The Foundling of the Forest>>, acted and published in 1809. The incidental music in the play is there stated to be by Michael Kelly. A footnote to the song in the play credits the song to George Colman. In the article on Michael Kelly in <<Grove's Dictionary>>, 5th. ed., and <<The New Grove's Dictionary>>, it is stated that there was no musical score published for the play, consequently the tune for the song does not seem to be known with certainty in the British Isles. The Dictionary statement is not quite true. The songs and the music for them were printed in an American publication <<The Favourite Songs in the Comic Opera The Foundling of the Forest>>, 'Written by Wm. Dimond Esq.r, Composed by Mich.l Kelly.' Philadelphia, Published by G. S. Blake, n.d. [b suggested by that of Munden. The works I've seen on American historical ballads which give "The Constitution and the Guerriere" trace the tune, at best, to this work and ascribe the tune to Kelly, or note the tune is that of an 'old English drinking song,' doubtlessly Colman's. The title page of the musical score, as quoted above, implies that the songs are all by Dimond, and the song in this work is headed "Brandy, O, a favourite Comic Song sung by Mr. Jefferson in the Foundling of the Forest. Composed by Michael Kelly." It seems quite obvious that the American publication of the songs for <<The Foundling of the Forest>> was pirated, or at least unauthorized, because the song is not by Dimond, and the tune is certainly not by Michael Kelly. The copy of the tune there differs little from that used earlier by Colman, as published by Arnold. Colman's song was printed in an undated songster of c 1810-15, <<Tegg's Comic Song Book, Second Collection>>, with tune direction "The Dandy O." In an undated songbook Cabinet>>, there are on p. 76, "Probatum Est. A Comic Ballad sung by Mr. Fawcett in The Privateer. Tune- Pretty Peggy of Derby," and on p. 188, "Love and Brandy [Brandy O/ Landlady of France]. Written by Mr. George Colman, Esquire. Tune-Pretty Peggy of Derby, O." Even without the tune in the songs for Dimond's play, there is solid evidence for the tune for Colman's song. None of the published texts of "The Constitution and Guerriere" listed by G. M. Laws, <<Native American Balladry>>, (A6), are accompanied by a tune that is clearly traditional, although the tune, when given, in those works cited by Laws, is "The Landlady of France/ Brandy O/ Pretty Peggy of Derby, O". The version recorded by Sidney Robertson Cowell from Warde Ford in Central Valley Ca, Dec. 1938, is on a tape in the Library of Congress Folklore Archive, Record #4202 A4, entitled on the recording "Proud Dacres and Capt. Hull." In an introduction to the song Mr. Ford says that he 'is not quite sure about the words or the tune,' and could reco the music for the third line of the verse, which Mr. Ford apparently didn't remember, and simply improvised. The battle of the Constitution and the Guerriere was fought in 1812 and in the following year the English won the battle of the Chesapeake and the Shannon, and an English ballad using the same tune commemorated the event. All three traditional versions of "The Chesapeake and Shannon" listed by G. M. Laws, American Balladry from British Broadsides, (J20) are sung to this same tune, which Cecil Sharp named, for the version he collected, "Pretty Peggy of Derby." John Harrington Cox, Folk-Songs of the South, p. 257  1964, lists many early printings of this song. A version of the tune was arranged by Sir John Stevenson for Thomas Moore's song "Eveleen's Bower." Thomas Moore's song is in the second number of <<A Selection of Irish Melodies>>, n.d. [1807/8], i.e., the second and last part of Vol. I. The title of the air is given as unknown, but a footnote states, "Our claim to the melody has been dis Alfred Moffat, <<The Minstrelsy of Ireland>>, 3rd ed., p. 255, n.d.  states that the tune "The Dandy, O" in O'Farrell's <<Pocket Companion for the Irish or Union Pipes>>, (vol. 4, according to Moffat, but more correctly called Vol II, part 2) c 1811, is the same tune as in Brysson's <<Curious Collection>>. I have not yet been able to locate the fourth part of this O'Farrell's collection, of which the index is in the third part, and lists the tune as being on p. 105. A copy of the tune with O'Farrell's title "The Dandy O," is in <<O'Neill's Irish Music>> (enlarged edition), no. 114, 1915, and since O'Neill mentioned the song by title and source in <<Waifs and Strays of Gaelic Melodies>>, I suspect this (and the two tunes following it in Irish Music) were taken from O'Farrell's volume. The tune was again printed in the United States as "Brandy O or Peg of Darby," an instrumental setting being on p. 43, of <<Riley's Flute Melodies>>, New York, n.d. Page 43 is in the third part of the six parts comprisin Derby." Riley also included the tune as "Eveleen's Bower" on p. 30 of the second volume of his collection, 1819-20. Another American song using the tune is one on the American Civil War naval battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac, fought Mar. 9, 1862, and called "The Iron Merrimac." This was collected at the Library of Congress from Judge Learned Hand in 1942. It is available on Library of Congress recording AFS L29. It may be related to a broadside ballad I have not seen. The latter is mentioned by John Harrington Cox in Folk-Songs of the South, p. 257,  1964, as "Yankee Boys so Handy, O," which Cox terms an imitation of "The Constitution and the Guerriere." Thomas Lyle, a Scottish surgeon and songwriter of Perth, collected a version of "Pretty Peggy of Derby, O" in Scotland, but unfortunately he rewrote the song (as well as the others he collected) before he published it as "Pretty Peg of Derby" in <<Ancient Ballads and Songs>>, pp. 162-3, London, 1827. Lyle's book contains no tunes. Since he note 'collated with a copy taken down from recitation.' The verse he gives at the end of his note, then, is probably the first verse that he actually collected. He says it is 'in its original dress.' This verse he gives as follows: O there was a regiment of Irish dragoons, And they were marching through Derby, O. The Captain fell in love With a young chamber-maid, And her name it was called pretty Peggy, O. This verse is quite similar to the first verse of the songster text. Lyle's rewritten six verse text is roughly parallel to the songster text after deletion of the fourth verse of the latter. Lyle's rewritten version, however, has the regiment going to Kilkenny, rather than Killarney. Lyle also wrote a new song for the tune, given in the work cited, and printed earlier with music. Lyle's song was "The Bonnie Blue Forget-Me-Not," which had been given in R. A. Smith's <<The Irish Minstrel>>, n.d. [1825, the original, supposedly suppressed, edition]. The title of the tune is there given as "The Maid of Derby." While Lyle's text "Pretty Peg of Derby" is worthless as a traditional song, we can be certain that "Pretty Peggy of Derby" was sung in Scotland in the first quarter of the 19th century with a text very similar to that in the songster. [Incongrously, Lyle's text rather than a chapbook or broadside copy appears Roy Palmer's recent <<Everyman's Book of Ballads>>.] Perhaps slightly earlier "Pretty Peggy of Derby, O" was rewritten as "The Bonnie Lass o' Fyvie" as evidenced by a copy in Peter Buchan's MSS in the British Library, which are thought to date about 1828. The following lines are from 'An Irish Medley' in <<The Universal Songster>>, II p. 397, 1826. 'A regiment of Irish dragoons, And they were all quartered at Derby, O! And they fell in love__' The first line and a half, almost the same as those above, are also in a medley in Vol. I, p. 4, 1825. There are songs to the tune "Pretty Peggy of Derby, O" on p. 107 and 276 of Vol. III, 1828, and the first line of "Peggy of Darby" is in a medley on p. 284. T. Crofton Crocker in <<The Popular Songs of Ireland>>, London, 1839, p. 124 (p. 121 of 1886 reprint), says, "The pretty Maid of Derby, O!" is known to be the production of an Irishman, but be provides no particulars whatever, not even mentioning where a copy of the text or tune could be found. It would appear that Crocker expected his readers to be familiar with the song and tune. The evidence cited above seems to me to be quite conclusive for taking "Pretty Peggy of Derby" to be an Irish song and tune. Lacking this evidence, however, there were counterclaims. Wm. Chappell in <<Popular Music of the Olden Time>>, II, p. 771, noted Crocker's claim, but implied that the tune was not Irish, however, he supplied no direct evidence. Chappell's statement that Bunting rejected it is without foundation. Bunting didn't mention the tune, which is certainly not the same as saying he rejected it. Donnal O'Sullivan, concurs with Chappell in his Miscellania: The tune of the rewritten American version of "Pretty Peggy of Derby," 1880, found by Ed Cray at Harvard, in <<Pretty Peggy and Other Ballads>>, New York, 1880 (copy deposited in folder "Pretty Peggy, O" in Folklore Archive, Library of Congress. Copy of book also in Library of Congress) is unrelated to the original tune. This American version of 1880 is readily recognized by the lame third line in the first verse, "Our Captain fell in love with a lady like a dove". This is obviously the source of the song collected by Cecil Sharp in the Southern Applachains, and by a few others in the United States. "Drops of Brandy" is a much older unrelated tune of similar title, also called "Dribbles of Brandy." "The Dandy, O," Thomas Moore's tune for his song "Young May Moon" in 5th number of Irish Melodies, n.d.  is a different tune in 6/8 time with identical title, evidently supplied by Moore from the chorus of a song in <<Robin Hood>> where the tune appeared without title. WBO Apr98
Thanks to Mudcat for the Digital Tradition!