Hi Horo 's Na Horo Eile Hi horo 's na horo eile, Hi horo 's na horo eile, Hi horo 's na horo eile, Gur tu mo luaidh ri m' bheo\ cha cheil me. Nuair a bha mi 'm chaileig gho\raich thug mi gaol is gra\dh do'n o\igfhear aig am bheil a' phearsa bho\idheach, 's cha ghradhaich mi ri m' bheo\ fear eile. Chaidh mi choill nan crann 's nan gallan, chuir mi uigh am fiu\ran maiseach; b' ann an Glasachu nam bu\ithnean a thug mi ru\n do 'n diu\lnach fearail. Miar as grinn' air peann a sgri\obhas 's a chuir gleus air teudan fi\dhle, 's e do cheo\l a thogadh m' inntinn nuair a bhithinn sgi\th fo smalan. Do chu\l dualach, cuachach, bo\idheach, falt do chinn mar it' an lo\n-duibh, do dha ghruaidh air dhreach nan ro\san 's iad fo dhealta ceo\ na maidne. Tha do chalpa cuimir, direach, mar bhradan aibhne ruith gu fi\or-ghlan, 's gura fi\or gu 'n tug mi luaidh dhuit measg na bheil de shluagh air thalamh. Ach tha mis' an du\il 's an do\chas gu 'n tig an la\ 'sam bi sinn co\mhladh; 's ma bhios tu-sa di\leas dhomh-sa cha ghradhaich mi ri m' bheo\ fear eile. TRANSLATION [number] refer to notes below on grammar etc. chorus: hi horo and some more horos (3 times) You are my love and I'll never  deny it When I was a green young girl  I fell in love with the young man who had  the handsome appearance; and I will never love another . I went into  the forest of trees and branches and took an interest in a lovely sapling ; it is in Glasgow of the shops that I fell in love with the manly handsome lad. The most capable fingers that could write with a pen or tune the strings of a violin; it is your music that would lift  my spirits when I was  weary and melancholy  Your beautiful splendid curly locks, the hair of your head is like the black-bird's feather; your two cheeks are  the colour of roses when the dew of the moring's mist is on them . Your legs are strong and shapely  like a salmon in a crystal clear stream ; and it's absolutely true that I've given my love to you amongst all  the people that are in  the world. But  I hope and expect  that the day will come when  we will be together; and if you are faithful to me I shall love no other while I live.  ri'm bheo\ = during my life  'm is a contraction of 'nam ( ann an mo : in my). Gaelic has "x is in its y" for english "x is a y"  no verb "have" in gaelic. "x has y" is "x is at y" so here we have "at whom is ..."  fear eile = another one; it's just coincidence that you could make sense by translating fear as "man" here, it's not being used that way.  the preposition "do" contracts to "a", and them "mi a" suffers elision; the only remaining sign of the preposition is the elision of coill' to choill'.  these trees are all an extended metaphor; all three words can mean a man as well as a tree. Coille (forest) means the crowds of people in the city (like crowds of trees in a forest).  fo under has a sense something like "suffering from" in many phrases; gaelic often uses fo + a noun where English would use an adjective; as here, smalan = gloom hence fo smalan = gloomy.  the incomplete tense is used here as habitual past.  "are" is inserted to conform to English grammar - Gaelic descriptive clauses are quite happy without a verb.  agus or 's with a noun and a qualifying phrase means the same as an English subordinate clause; whether the English clause would be introduced by "when" or "because" or ... has to be inferred from context; the diale in Ireland, Scotland, and N. England use this same construction, but it isn't used in standard english.  Where men wear kilts, women take an interest in their legs; if people from trousered cultures find the simile in these two lines strange, they should just think about the things women's legs get compared to in English poetry.  literally: a river that runs purely clean.  "what there are of people" - this construction is quite common where english would use "all"  "on the world". apart from the fairies (and perhaps the miners) there aren't any people "in" the world in gaelic.  "Ach" doesn't really mean "but" here, it's just noise.  "I am in hope and in expectation" the two occurenes of "an" here are both contractions of "ann an" (it would be more correct in terms of the history of the language to say that "ann an" is a doubling of "an", but we're interested in the modern language not in early common gaelic [aka old irish]).  literally "in which". the day in which = th Vocabulary ---------- 'sam [sam] in which (relative prepositional pronoun: anns + am) ach [ax] but aibhne [ain'e] of a river (genetive singular of abhainn, river) aig [eg'] at air [er'] on ann [auN] in it (prepositional pronoun). 's ann: it is; the copula (is) is used with ann to allow an adverb to be brought forwards in the sentence for emphasis. bheil [vel'] am, is, are; present dependent of bi (to be) bheo\ [v'o:] or [veo:] lenited form of beo\, life bhios [vis] will be (future relative of bi) bhithinn [vi:jinn] I would be (incomplete independent of bi) (note: I use [j] for a consonantal i-glide) bho\idheach [vo:jach] beautiful; feminine of bo\idheach bo\idheach [bo:jach] beautiful bhradan [vrat@n] salmon (lenited bradan) bu\ithnean [bu:n'@n] shops. plural of bu\th (also bu\ithean, bu\than) chaidh [xai] went (past independent of rach) chaileig [xalag'] young girl (dative of caileag) chalpa [xalpa] calf (leg below knee, not young cow). (lenited calpa) cheil [xel'] hide, conceal (future dependent of ceil) ceo\ [k'o:] mist cheo\l [x'eo:l] music (ceo\l lenited) chinn [xiN'] of a head (gen sing of ceann, head) choill [x@L'] wood, grove, forest. (dative sing.) (usually choille) co\mhladh [ko: la], [ko:la%] together. [%] at end only if followed by a word beginning with a vowel, r, or l. sometimes written co\mhla. you will see co\ladh but that's definitely wrong. crann [krauN] mast, tree, beam; plough cuachach [ku@xax] curly, wavey. also plaited, folded, kilted cuimir [kem@r'] well-proportioned; neat chuir [xuir'] put (past independent of cuir) chu\l [xu:l] back; hair of head. (cu\l lenited) dhealta [jelt@] of dew (genetive singular of dealt) di\leas [d'i:l'es] faithful direach [d'ir'ox] straight diu\lnach [d'u:lnax] handsome man (usually diu\lannach [d'uluNax]) do\chas [do:x@s] hope, expectation dhomh-sa [%o: s@] to me ("emphatic" form) (do + mi-se) do'n [don] to the dhreach [%rax] colour; beauty; form, figure, shape. dualach [du@lax] bushy, luxuriant du\il [du:l'] desire, hope, expectation dhuit [%uxt'] to you (do + tu) eile [eil@] other, another falt [falt] locks, hair fear [fer], [far] man; one (masculine) fearail [fer@l'] manly fi\dhle [fi:l'e] of a violin, fiddle (gen sing of fidheall) fi\or [fi:r] pure, true. used as intensifying prefix fi\or-ghlan [fi:r %lan] truly clean, pure (fi\or + glan) fiu\ran [f'u:ran] handsome young man; sapling gallan [gaLan] branch, stalk gaol [g@:l] love gleus [gle:s] order, readiness, trim, preparedness gho\raich [%o:rix'] foolish, inexperienced gra\dh [gra:%] love (noun) ghradhaich [%ra:%ix'] love (verb) (future dependent of gra\dhaich) grinn' [griN'] comparative of grinn. as grinne: most fine ghruaidh [%ruaj] cheek gur [gur] is, am, are (gu'n + present dependent of is) gura [gura] emphatic sort of gur horo trala iad [at] they inntinn [i:Nt'iN'] thoughts, spirits lo\n-duibh [lo:n tajv], [lo:n duj] of a black bird (g.s. of lo\n-dubh) luaidh [luaj] love (person) maidne [mat'n'e] of morning (g.s. of maduinn) maiseach [mas'ox] fair, beautiful, graceful mar as measg [misk] among (contraction of am measg) miar [mi:ar] finger (written meur usually) nuair [nuer'] when o\igfhear [o:g'er] young man peann [p'auN] pen phearsa [f'ars@] figure, person ro\san [ro:s@n] roses ruith [Ri:], [R@i:] run ru\n [Ru:n] affection, love sgi\th [ski:] tired sgri\obhas [skri:v@s] will write (future relative of sgriobh) sinn [s'iN'] we shluagh [lua%] people (sluagh) smalan [smalan] gloom, melancholy thalamh [halu] land teudan [t'et@n] strings, harps, musical instruments tig [t'ik] come thogadh [hok@%] would raise (incomplete independent of tog) thug [huk] gave, took. past independent of thoir tug [tuk] gave, took. past dependent of thoir uigh [uj] interest, attention This song is by John McLean of Balemartin (Iain Mac Neaill) and was written about 1880. That's the same John MacLean who wrote Oran Manitoba and and Breacan Mairi Uisdean (the Skye version by Mary MacPherson was published as "a new setting" of MacLean's song, something most Skyemen seem to have forgotten) which you can find somewhere in the Gaelic-L log files. But not to be confused with the other John MacLean from Tiree (Iain Mac Laine, bard thighearna Colla) who wrote about Canada, or the later Tiree John MacLean (Iain Mac Lachainn) who wrote "fo smuarean air moch di Luaine". It's quite surprising that a tiny place like Tiree managed to produce three good poets with the same name in the space of 80 years. (The rumour that every male inhabitant of Tiree is called John MacLean is unfounded.)CC CC
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