Oran Sugraidh <Flirting Song> Se so oran rinn sar-bha\rd nan o\rain Ga\idhlig, Donnchaidh Ba\n a rinn e mu 1750, saoileam, nuair bha e eadar 25 is 30 bliadhna de dh'aois. Tha e ro-fhada air son a bhith gu h-iomlan air a phostachadh, seisd agus 20 rann, s'iad so na roinn seinnear ann an ceilidhean. Seisd: 'S i nighean mo ghaoil an nighean donn o\g; Nam biodh tu ri m' thaobh cha bhithinn fo bhro\n; 'S i nighean mo ghaoil an nighean donn o\g. 'S i Ma\iri Nic Neacain as da\icheile pearsa; Ghabh mis' uiread bheachd ort ri neach a tha beo\. Nuair sheallas mi t' aodann 's mi'n coinneamh ri t' fhaotuinn Gur math leam nam faodainn bhith daonnan ad' cho\ir. 'S i ri\bhinn a' bhaile tha si\or thighinn air m' aire, Nam b'i rachadh mar rium cha d' fharraid mi sto\r. Bheir mis' thu Dhu\n Eideann a dh' ionnsachadh Beurla, 'S chan fha\g mi thu 'd e/igin ri spre/idh an fhir mho/ir. 'S e mheudaich mo ghaol ort gun d' fha\s thu cho aobhach 'S gun leumadh tu daonnan cho aotrom 's na h-eo\in. 'S tu thogadh mo spiorad nuair a the/id thu air mhireadh, Le d' cheileiribh binne 's le grinneas do bheo\il. Leis na ghabh mi de cheist ort am maduinn 's am feasgar Gun de\anainn riut cleasachd is beadradh gu leo\r. Dhe\anainn riut furan am bliadhna 's an uiridh, Bu do\cha nan t-uireasbhuidh tuilleadh 's a' cho\ir. note (on verse form) ---- (I have a theory that if learners try to appreciate the rythm and rhyme it will help them get a feel for the sound of the language; and if they know what the stress pattern and rhyming scheme is it will help with pronunciation; besides, the rythm and rhyme in this piece are well worth appreciating.) The chorus is six phrases, the verses four each. The fourth phrase of each verse rhymes with the even phrases of the chorus. The first three phrases of each verse rhyme, and this rhyme is repeated at the first foot of the fourth phrase. The three odd phrases of the chorus rhyme. The verse end rhyme is is on a monosyllable, the internal rhymes are on the stress of a dactyl. The caesuras (including line breaks) occur between the unstressed syllables of this dactyl, except the final caesura of the last verse which is thrown forward one syllable. The stress pattern of the verses is 3( . - . . - .) (. - . . -); I don't think that this is derived from any of the old syllabic forms, it's some sort of corronnach. Vocabulary ---------- air on, after aire attention, mind aobhach cheerful, joyful aodann face aotrom light, giddy baile town, village beachd opinion beadradh fondling, petting bheir will take (future independent of thoir) beo\ alive beo\il of mouth (genetive of beul) beurla English (language) binne sweet (adjective) (plural of binn) biodh would be bhith will be bhithinn I would be bliadhna year bro\n grief, sorrow ceileiribh twitterings (dative plural of ceilear) ceist question; problem; darling; (usually spelt ceisd) cleasachd play, frolic coinneamh meeting; an coinneamh: expecting; several useful idioms: chan'eil cail am' choinneamh: there's nothing for me to do chuir e mum' choinneamh a de\anamh .... he asked me to do ... tha mi'n coinneamh .... I expect/anticapate ... tha mi ann an coinneamh I am in a meeting bha an dorus mu'm choinneamh The door was opposite me co\ir right, justice; tuilleadh 'sa cho\ir: too much (more than is right); (the past of too much is tuilleadh 'sbu cho\ir, more than was right) da\icheile more or most graceful; comparative of daicheil daonnan always de\anainn I would make or do. 1st pers incomplete tense of de\an dhe\anainn dhe\annainn is independent mode, de\annainn dependent do\cha likely donn brown; when applied to a person refers to hair colour e/igin (usually spelt eiginn) compulsion, force, neccessity eo\in birds; plural of eun fa\g will go (future dependent of fa\g, go) faodainn I would get (incomplete 1st pers of faigh) faotuinn getting, obtaining (verbal noun from faigh) farraid ask for fa\s grow feasgar evening, afternoon fir of man (genetive of fear) furan fondling, caressing ghabh took (past of gabh) gaoil of love (genetive of gaol) gaol love grinneas elegance, neatness ionnsachadh learning, teaching leam with me (le+mi) leis with him, with it (le+e) leo\r enough (dative (?) of leo\ir); gu leo\r plenty leumadh incomplete tense of leum: would jump, leap, spring, frisk maduinn morning math good mheudaich increased (past tense of meudaich) mireadh pastime; dalliance, flirting, sporting; vbl noun from mir mo/ir big (gen. of mo/r) neach person nighean girl; daughter nuair when o\ran song ort on you (air+tu) pearsa form, appearance rachadh would go (incomplete tense of rach) ri\bhinn girl, queen rium for me (ri+mi) riut for you (ri+tu) seallas will look (future relative of seall) seisd chorus si\or always, perpetually; (prefix to verb) spiorad spirit spre/idh cattle sto\r treasure; goods sugraidh of flirtation (genetive of sugradh) taobh side the/id will go (future of rach) tighinn coming (verbal noun from tig) thogadh would lift (incomplete independent of tog) tuilleadh more uiread as much, as big uireasbhuidh deficiency, insufficiency, want uiridh an uiridh: last year am bliadhna: this year Translation ----------- Chorus: The girl I love is the young brunette; If you were at my side I wouldn't be sad;  The girl I love is the young brunette. It's Mairi MacNaughton who  has the most graceful form I formed as high an opinion of you as of anyone in the world. When I look at your face, expecting to get you, It's happy  I'd be if I could get to be always near you. It's the queen of the village who's always coming into my mind, If it were she who would go with me I wouldn't ask for treasure. I'll take you to Edinburgh to learn English, and I won't leave you stuck with the great man's cattle.  It increased my love for you that you grew up so cheerful And that you would always be frisky, as giddy as the birds. It's you who would raise my spirits when you would flirt, with your sweet lively twittering and the elegance of your mouth. The way I made a darling of you, morning and evening, I would play about with you and do plenty petting. I would caress you year in and year out More likely than than not enough it would be more than is proper. notes (language) -----  fo bhro\n: under sadness. Under + abstract noun is a common gaelic idiom, and for some words (eg hunger, thirst) the corresponding adjective doesn't exist so it's the only available idiom to express the adjective. Of course you can invert it: tha mi fo bhro\n is interchangeable with tha bro\n orm (sadness is on me). this under/on idiom is used to express becoming: bha an t-acras orm = I was hungry, bhuail an t-acras orm = I became hungry.  as = who is. the relative pronoun "a" is regularly elided unless absolutely required for euphony, and is never written except where it is pronounced. you will sometimes see an apostrophe for it, a's instead of as, 'tha instead of tha, and it's equally correct to write the apostrophe or to leave it out: modern practise leaves it out (Some claim that as is the relative form of the copula, present tense, and that a's is nonsense; others point out that the only other verb that has a present tense is bi, which has no present relative, and the relative exists only in the future, so a's must be a contraction of a is and the apostrophe is mandatory; it's best to ignore both schools of prescriptive grammar and write it whichever way you feel like.)  gur math leam has a shape something like "that with me is good", gur is a contraction of gu'n + the present dependent form of the copula (don't ask me what that present dependent form is, it doesn't occur freestanding in the language, it's always buried in a contraction; maybe a historian of celtic languages could tell you.)  this means he'd marry her without a dowry.  she wouldn't have to slave away at herding and milking cattle and mucking out byres. [verses I've left out make it clear she was a cow girl]. CC
Thanks to Mudcat for the Digital Tradition!